It is a natural barrier, it is a geographical wonder and it is also the pride of Asia! Yes, here we are talking about the huge Himalayan mountain which the whole world knows.
'Him' means snow and 'Alay' means abode, means house of snow, as almost all the peaks of the Himalaya Mountains are always covered with snow. From the world's highest peak Everest (Nepal) to other high peaks that are also part of the Himalayas. As it is spread almost in many countries, but most of it falls in India. That is why the Himalayas is also the pride of India.
Huge snow-capped mountains, glaciers and lakes, unique greenery and fauna, rapidly changing climatic conditions, all these things extend to these mountains. Although it is full of dangerous trails, it is the dream of many people to trek to the top of the Himalayas once in their lifetime.
There are many stories of the Himalayas, which are interesting and also give goosebumps.
Well, did you know that the Himalayas were once below sea level 500 million years ago? Yes, and this is not a myth, but a scientific study. Some limestone formations have been found at the base of Mount Everest, similar to those found in coastal line formations. Not only this, there are other interesting things related to the Himalayas that will fill you with wonder.
1. Story of Himalayan Yeti
There are many stories of people who got lost and died on the way to the Himalayas, which are related to the Yeti. The story goes like this, it is a demon snowman who creates many obstacles and even kills people. However, without any scientific evidence, Yeti has become like a ghost.
2. Natural Wall
The Himalayas are a natural barrier that divides India and Tibet. Most of the Himalayan region is part of India.
3. Shifting off to other parts of Asia
According to scientific studies, the Himalayas are moving towards the Tibetan region due to tectonic plates.
4. Below sea level
According to scientific research, the Himalayas are said to have formed due to the separation of the tectonic plates of India and Australia. Interestingly, the sea limestone found at the base of Mount Everest is evidence that the Himalayas were below sea level 500 million years ago.
5. Covering various countries
As most parts of the Himalayan Mountains are located in India, it is also spread in other countries, such as Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, the Autonomous Region of Tibet and the Republic of China.
6. Shiva's abode
According to Hindu mythology, the Himalaya Mountains used to be the abode of Shiva. It is said that Mount Kailash is the same place where his palace used to be. You can read many stories related to Mount Kailash in texts like Shiv Purana.
7. Shrine of many religions
Apart from Hinduism, the Himalayas also play an important role in Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. It has been given divine status in every religion.
8. One of the top destinations in India
Most of the destinations located at the foothills of the Himalayan Mountains are some of the best tourist places in India. Famous places like Manali, Almora, Tawang, Shimla, Nainital etc. are situated on the foothills of the Himalayas.
9. India's highest Himalayan peaks
Many high mountain peaks are located in the Indian Himalaya mountain ranges. Kangchenjunga Peak is the highest peak in India and the third-highest in the world. Nanda Devi, Saltoro Kangri, Rimo, Kamet are other Indian Himalayan peaks.
9. Adventure lover's favourite place
Trekking in the Indian Himalayas is a huge challenge. Even most adventure lovers dream of trekking along the way. Roopkund Trek, Chadar Trek, Har Ki Doon Valley Trek, Hampta Pass Trek, Kedar Kanth Trek, Chopta Chandrashila Trek are Himalayan treks located in India itself.
10. Birthplace of various rivers
The Himalayas are the birthplace of many rivers of India. The holy Ganges River, Indus River, Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Gomti River are the major rivers originating from the Himalayas.
11. Home of rare vegetation
A different type of vegetation is found in the Himalayas. Even the vegetation of Upper Himalaya and Lower Himalaya is different from each other.